Civil War Era Buildings of Fairfax County
Start your day at the Freeman Store and Museum in the historic Town of Vienna which was occupied by both sides during the war and used as both a stable and hospital. Next make your way to the Town of Herndon and stop by the Herndon Depot Museum which houses various railroad memorabilia and artifacts. A Civil War Trails marker nearby details a successful 1863 St. Patrick's Day raid by famed Confederate Ranger John S. Mosby. End your day by visiting the famed historic Fairfax Courthouse and historic downtown Fairfax City. The monument on the grounds of the courthouse tells the story of the first Confederate officer killed in the Civil War. The nearby museum and visitors center is the origin of other tours in the city including the Civil War Interpretive Center at Historic Blenheim.
Start day two at Saint Mary's Church in Fairfax Station. An historic plaque on the side of the church tells of the heroic actions of Clara Barton in nursing the wounded after the Battle of Second Manassas. It was here she gets her first inspiration to create what we know today as the American Red Cross. The next stop is Woodlawn. During the war Woodlawn was owned by Quakers who sold land on their plantation to free black and white farmers to dispel the myth that slave labor was needed to produce bountiful crops. Day two then finishes at Mount Vernon Estate & Gardens. During the war troops from both sides visited Washington's tomb to pay tribute to the "Father of our Country".
Begin by exploring the Centreville Historic District which is home to Civil War era structures Mt. Gilead, the Old Stone Church, and St. John's Episcopal Church. Finish the day by visiting Sully Historic Site. Sully was the home of Richard Bland Lee, Robert E. Lee's uncle, and during the war was owned and run by Union Sympathizers. Guided tours are given on a daily basis that tells of the family's life in the 19th century.