This small town's location put it directly in the path of marching armies throughout the war. Soldiers passed through here on the way to both battles at Manassas and uncounted smaller actions. After Confederate bushwackers fired at Federal troops near here in 1862, a Union general ordered the entire town burned, leaving only one house and the shell of a church. On June 25, 1863, J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry bumped into and fought briefly with elements of the Union II Corps here. Both forces were heading north and would converge again at Gettysburg.