Battle of Middleburg
Inscription: Here, on 19 June 1863, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry fought Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg's Union cavalry division. Screening the march of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia through the Shenandoah Valley to invade Pennsylvania, Stuart formed a line along this ridge facing Gregg, who charged down this road from Middleburg. Stuart counterattacked then fell back to another defensive position a half-mile west. In this action, Maj. Heros von Borcke, a Prussian officer and aide to Stuart, fell wounded with a bullet in his neck; he recovered and was at Stuart's deathbed on 12 May 1864.